Other Grammar Rules


Words like can't(can + not), don't (do + not), and I've (I + have) are all contractions. A contraction refers to a shortened form of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters which are replaced by an apostrophe.


  • I am = I'm
  • He is = He's

Contractions should not be confused with:

  1. Abbreviations which consist of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase as in Dr for Doctor
  2. Clipping which is the word formation process consisting in the reduction of a word to one of its parts as in spec for speculation.
  3. Acronyms which is an abbreviation formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word (example: FBIBeneluxradar)

A list of contracted forms in English

Here is a list of some examples of contraction in English:

Full Forms Contracted forms
I am I'm
you / we / they are you / we / they're
she / he is she / he's
I am not I'm not
you / we / they are not you / we / they aren't
she / he is not she / he isn't
I / you /we / they have I / you /we / they've
she / he has she / he's
they have they've
I had I'd
I would I'd
I will I'll
I do not I don't
he does not he doesn't
I did not I didn't
I have not I haven't
I had not I hadn't
I cannot I can't
I could not I couldn't
I will not I won't
I would not I wouldn't
I should not I shouldn't
I must not I mustn't
There is There's
where is where's
who is who's


Please login to get access to the quiz
There, Their, They’re (Prev Lesson)
(Next Lesson) So, too, either, neither
Back to Other Grammar Rules