Writing - part 2

Spelling and verb forms

The basic form of a verb is called the infinitive. It normally occurs with the word to as in 'I want to ask you a question.' Verbs may change their spelling according to which tense or form is being used.

Past and -ed forms

The past and -ed forms are the same in regular verbs. The following are the spelling rules for regular verbs.

We add -ed to the base form of the verb:

clean → cleaned echo → echoed email → emailed sail → sailed

If the word ends in -e, we add -d to the base form of the verb:

agree → agreed dine → dined love → loved

If the word ends in a consonant + -y, we change the -y to i before -ed:

apply → applied cry → cried

There are three common exceptions, where we change the -y to i after a vowel and just -d is added:

pay → paid say → said

-ing forms

The general rule is add -ing to the base form of the verb:

go → going hurry → hurrying play → playing

If the word ends in -e, we drop the -e before -ing:

love → loving lose → losing write → writing

But if the word ends in -ee, -ye, or -oe, we keep the -e:

agree → agreeing dye → dyeing (compare: die/dyingsee → seeing

If the word ends in -ie, we change the -i to -y and we drop the -e before -ing:

die → dying lie → lying tie → tying

Dropping and adding letters (Prev Lesson)
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