Most singular nouns are made plural by simply putting an -s at the end. There are many different rules regarding pluralization, singular and plural nouns, depending on what letter a noun ends in. Irregular nouns do not follow plural noun rules, so they must be memorized or looked up in the dictionary.
Most singular nouns form the plural by adding -s.
A singular noun ending in s, x, z, ch, sh makes the plural by adding-es.
A singular noun ending in a consonant and then y makes the plural by dropping the y and adding-ies.
There are some irregular noun plurals. The most common ones are listed below.
Some nouns have the same form in the singular and the plural.
IRREGULAR VERB/NOUN AGREEMENT
Some nouns have a plural form but take a singular verb.
|Plural nouns used with a singular verb||Sentence|
|news||The news is at 6.30 p.m.|
|athletics||Athletics is good for young people.|
|linguistics||Linguistics is the study of language.|
|darts||Darts is a popular game in England.|
|billiards||Billiards is played all over the world.|
Some nouns have a fixed plural form and take a plural verb. They are not used in the singular, or they have a different meaning in the singular. Nouns like this include: trousers, jeans, glasses, savings, thanks, steps, stairs, customs, congratulations, tropics, wages, spectacles, outskirts, goods, wits
|Plural noun with plural verb||Sentence|
|trousers||My trousers are too tight.|
|jeans||Her jeans are black.|
|glasses||Those glasses are his.|