There are eight main parts of speech (also known as word classes): nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions and interjections. Basically, articles are either definite or indefinite. They combine to a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Auxiliary means functioning in a supporting capacity, and that is exactly what these auxiliary verbs do, which is why they are also known as helping verbs. They are used together with a main verb to give grammatical information and therefore add extra meaning to a sentence; information that is not given by the main verb. Before you begin the verb tense lessons, it is extremely important to understand that NOT all English verbs are the same. English verbs are divided into three groups: normal verbs, non-continuous verbs, and mixed verbs. When you’re learning the English language, you may feel overwhelmed when it comes to all the different grammar components. There are so many variables that affect the choice of words, even in everyday conversations. The simple present is a verb tense with two main uses. We use the simple present tense when an action is happening right now, or when it happens regularly (or unceasingly, which is why it's sometimes called present indefinite). The verb to be is the most important verb in the English language. It is difficult to use because it is an irregular verb in almost all of its forms. When we report what people say, we usually change the tense of the verbs to reflect that we are reporting – not giving direct speech. This pattern is followed when we report questions and there are also other important changes between direct questions and reported questions. Time and place must often change when going from direct to reported speech (indirect speech). Time Phrase in direct speech Equivalent in reported speech today that day "I saw him today", she said. She said that she had seen him that day. yesterday the day before "I saw him yesterday", she said. She said that she had seen […] Indirect speech focuses more on the content of what someone said rather than their exact words. In indirect speech, the structure of the reported clause depends on whether the speaker is reporting a statement, a question or a command.