Gerund and Infinitive

Gerund and Infinitive (no difference in meaning)

We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs:
begin He began talking.
He began to talk.
continue They continue smoking.
They continue to smoke.
hate Do you hate working on Saturdays?
Do you hate to work on Saturdays?
like I like swimming.
I like to swim.
love She loves painting.
She loves to paint.
prefer Pat prefers walking home.
Pat prefers to walk home.
start They start singing.
They start to sing.

 

We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs. There are two possible structures after these verbs.
Gerund: verb + -ing
Infinitive: verb + person + to-infinitive
advise They advise walking to town.
They advise us to walk to town.
allow They do not allow smoking here.
They do not allow us to smoke here.
encourage They encourage doing the test.
They encourage us to do the test.
permit They do not permit smoking here.
They do not permit us to smoke here.

We use the following structures with the word recommend:

recommend They recommend walking to town.
They recommend that we walk to town.

Gerund and Infinitive – difference in meaning

Some verbs have different meaning. (when used with Gerund or Infinitive)

  GERUND INFINITIVE
forget He’ll never forget spending so much money on his first computer. Don’t forget to spend money on the tickets.

 

  GERUND INFINITIVE
go on Go on reading the text. Go on to read the text.

 

  GERUND INFINITIVE
mean You have forgotten your homework again. That means phoning your mother. I meant to phone your mother, but my mobile didn’t work.

 

  GERUND INFINITIVE
remember I remember switching off the lights when I went on holiday. Remember to switch off the lights when you go on holiday.

 

  GERUND INFINITIVE
stop Stop reading the text. Stop to read the text.

 

  GERUND INFINITIVE
try Why don’t you try running after the dog?      I tried to run after the dog, but I was too slow.

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