Gerund and Infinitive (no difference in meaning)
|We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs:|
|begin||He began talking.
He began to talk.
|continue||They continue smoking.
They continue to smoke.
|hate||Do you hate working on Saturdays?
Do you hate to work on Saturdays?
|like||I like swimming.
I like to swim.
|love||She loves painting.
She loves to paint.
|prefer||Pat prefers walking home.
Pat prefers to walk home.
|start||They start singing.
They start to sing.
|We use the Gerund or the Infinitive after the following verbs. There are two possible structures after these verbs.
Gerund: verb + -ing
Infinitive: verb + person + to-infinitive
|advise||They advise walking to town.
They advise us to walk to town.
|allow||They do not allow smoking here.
They do not allow us to smoke here.
|encourage||They encourage doing the test.
They encourage us to do the test.
|permit||They do not permit smoking here.
They do not permit us to smoke here.
We use the following structures with the word recommend:
|recommend||They recommend walking to town.
They recommend that we walk to town.
Gerund and Infinitive – difference in meaning
Some verbs have different meaning. (when used with Gerund or Infinitive)
|forget||He’ll never forget spending so much money on his first computer.||Don’t forget to spend money on the tickets.|
|go on||Go on reading the text.||Go on to read the text.|
|mean||You have forgotten your homework again. That means phoning your mother.||I meant to phone your mother, but my mobile didn’t work.|
|remember||I remember switching off the lights when I went on holiday.||Remember to switch off the lights when you go on holiday.|
|stop||Stop reading the text.||Stop to read the text.|
|try||Why don’t you try running after the dog?||I tried to run after the dog, but I was too slow.|