Archive for the ‘Grammar’ Category

english-grammar

Basic English grammar

Small children seem to have an intuitive grasp of language structure – which is why they sometimes make mistakes, assuming principles that are not always true. If you hear a child talk about ‘two mouses’ he is not repeating something he has heard; he has understood the concept that we add the sound ‘-es’ to […]

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FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES

Function of Adjectives
Adjectives can:
Describe feelings or qualities:

Examples

He is a lonely man
They are honest people

Give nationality or origin:

Examples

Pierre is French
This clock is German
Our house is Victorian

Tell more about a thing’s characteristics:

Examples

A wooden table.
The knife is sharp.

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THE DEMONSTRATIVES

THIS, THAT, THESE, THOSE

1. Function
The demonstratives this, that, these, those ,show where an object or person is in relation to the speaker.
This (singular) and these (plural) refer to an object or person near the speaker. That (singular) and those (plural) refer to an object or person further away. It can be a physical closeness […]

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EXCEPTIONS TO USING THE DEFINITE ARTICLE

There is no article:

with names of countries (if singular)
Germany is an important economic power.
He’s just returned from Zimbabwe.
(But: I’m visiting the United States next week.)

with the names of languages
French is spoken in Tahiti.
English uses many words of Latin origin.
Indonesian is a relatively new language.

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a and an

A / AN
Use ‘a’ with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that are not vowels),
‘an’ with nouns starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u)

Examples

A boy
An apple
A car
An orange
A house
An opera

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Article The

THE
Articles in English are invariable. That is, they do not change according to the gender or number of the noun they refer to, e.g. the boy, the woman, the children
‘The’ is used:
1. to refer to something which has already been mentioned.

An elephant and a mouse fell in love.