Small children seem to have an intuitive grasp of language structure – which is why they sometimes make mistakes, assuming principles that are not always true. If you hear a child talk about ‘two mouses’ he is not repeating something he has heard; he has understood the concept that we add the sound ‘-es’ to a word ending in a ‘s’ sound, to create a plural. Continue reading “Basic English grammar”
Function of Adjectives
Describe feelings or qualities:
- He is a lonely man
- They are honest people
Give nationality or origin:
- Pierre is French
- This clock is German
- Our house is Victorian
Tell more about a thing’s characteristics:
- A wooden table.
- The knife is sharp. Continue reading “FORM AND FUNCTION OF ADJECTIVES”
THIS, THAT, THESE, THOSE
The demonstratives this, that, these, those ,show where an object or person is in relation to the speaker.
This (singular) and these (plural) refer to an object or person near the speaker. That (singular) and those (plural) refer to an object or person further away. It can be a physical closeness or distance as in: Continue reading “THE DEMONSTRATIVES”
There is no article:
- with names of countries (if singular)
Germany is an important economic power.
He’s just returned from Zimbabwe.
(But: I’m visiting the United States next week.)
- with the names of languages
French is spoken in Tahiti.
English uses many words of Latin origin.
Indonesian is a relatively new language. Continue reading “EXCEPTIONS TO USING THE DEFINITE ARTICLE”
A / AN
Use ‘a’ with nouns starting with a consonant (letters that are not vowels),
‘an’ with nouns starting with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u)
- A boy
- An apple
- A car
- An orange
- A house
- An opera Continue reading “a and an”
Articles in English are invariable. That is, they do not change according to the gender or number of the noun they refer to, e.g. the boy, the woman, the children
‘The’ is used:
1. to refer to something which has already been mentioned.
An elephant and a mouse fell in love. Continue reading “Article The”